Christian studies, activities 

 Abram (exalted) was called by the Almighty God (El Shaddai) (Gen. 12:1-3) to come out of his hometown of Ur (light), which is near Babel (confusion), the capitol of Babylonia. Now, because Babylonia was paganistic, Abram was undoubtedly vexed by his nihilistic (lawless) neighbors. Their commerce was based in part on idolatry, astrology, high interest loan resulting in slavery if unpaid, etc. (see Php. 3:19). So, it’s proclaim in some traditions that Abram, and his father Terah (who died in Haran before God called Abram), was asked to leave because of his nonconforming ways. Either way, Abram displayed a tremendous commitment by obeying God’s piteous command to uproot, so God accounts his faith as righteousness (please read – Gen. 15:6-21).


(1) he believes God will give him an heir;

(2) God tells him that his “scions” (or his descendants) will become slaves for 400 years in a strange land; 

(3) however, they will come out with great possessions after the fourth generation (Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses) when the iniquity of the Amorites is complete (to be addressed by an exhaustive Law);

(4) and God informs him of the new land his progeny (offspring) will get from the incumbent civilizations (contemporary societies).

A list of the civilizations in the region he vacated, and how they evolved, includes the:

(1) Summerians,

(2) Akkadians,

(3) Empire of Ur III,

(4) Old Babylon Empire,

(5) Assyrian Empire,

(6) Neo-Babylon Empire,

(7) Mesopotamia under the Persians & Greeks,

(8) Mesopotamia under the Arabs,

(9) Iraq under the Turkmen tribes,

(10) Iraq under the Safavids of Iran,

(11) Iraq under the Ottoman Empire,

(12) Iraq under the British control, and

(13) Modern State of Iraq.

While this locale underwent intensive and extensive assimilation with the advent (arrival) of each empire, these descendants of Abram (“Exalted father” a.k.a. “Big Poppa“) are still recognized by their  faith (confirming God’s promise to make Abram a great name, as he was later called Abraham, or “father of a multitude” – Gen. 17:3-8).

The recognition of his offsprings is still viable even with Hellenization (Greek influence) which, at a point in world history, was the most dominant ideology; faith is also the influential factor in the Movements of Christianity, including the purportive Gnostic (secret knowledge), Pauline (Catholic or Universal Church), and Protestant (addresses theological rifts) Movements.

His grandson Jacob’s name was changed to Israel (Gen. 35:9-12), so nationally/culturally his descendants are known as the Children of Israel. Let the reader note however, that “he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter (Law); whose praise is not from men but from God (Rom. 2:29).” So God’s promises are due to those with Abrahamic faith, not the Law (Rom. 4:13-25). Incidentally, while “faith without works is dead (Jam. 2:17)“, “without faith it is impossible to please Him…(Heb. 11:6).”

The tiny country of Israel was indomitable – when they were obedient! What brought their nation down? The same thing that makes one an unbeliever; the same thing that makes one stray from the Fruit of the Spirit (Love, Joy, Peace, Patience, Kindness, Goodness, Faithfulness, Gentleness, and Self-ControlGal. 5:19-22); it’s the same thing that introduced sin, making it the #1 killerDISOBEDIENCE, which leads to death! – Rom. 5:17-21.


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